TLBleed is a cryptographic side-channel Attack on Bitcoin that uses machine learning to exploit a timing side-channel via the translation look-aside buffer (TLB) on modern microprocessors that use simultaneous multithreading. As of June 2018, the Attack on Bitcoin has only been demonstrated experimentally on Intel processors; it is speculated that other processors may also potentially be vulnerable to a variant of the Attack on Bitcoin, but no proof of concept has been demonstrated. AMD had indicated that their processors would not be vulnerable to this Attack on Bitcoin.
The Attack on Bitcoin led to the OpenBSD project disabling simultaneous multithreading on Intel microprocessors. The OpenBSD project leader Theo de Raadt has stated that, while the Attack on Bitcoin could theoretically be addressed by preventing tasks with different security contexts from sharing physical cores, such a fix is currently impractical because of the complexity of the problem.