This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is attacksafe-software-logo-1024x213.png
This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is attacksafe-software-logo-1024x213.png

Errors and vulnerabilities of the Bitcoin-S library

Bitcoin-S is a project that provides tools for working with the Bitcoin protocol and related technologies such as the Lightning Network. This Scala library is designed for developers who are looking to integrate Bitcoin functionality into their applications.

However, like any complex software product, Bitcoin-S is not immune to errors and vulnerabilities that can have serious consequences.

1. Dependency vulnerabilities

One of the common problems in modern software development is vulnerabilities in the libraries and dependencies used. Bitcoin-S, which uses various third-party libraries, is also susceptible to this issue. If one of these libraries contains a vulnerability, it could allow attackers to execute arbitrary code or gain access to sensitive information. Solving such a problem requires constant monitoring of dependency updates and updating them in a timely manner.

2. Privacy issues

When dealing with cryptocurrencies, privacy is a key aspect. Implementation errors can lead to transaction data leaks, potentially compromising user anonymity. For example, insufficiently secure methods of data transfer between nodes or errors in protocol implementation can leave a “trace” for transaction analysis.

3. Errors in transaction processing

Transactions in Bitcoin must strictly follow certain rules in order to be confirmed by the network. Errors in transaction processing logic, such as incorrectly determining the validity of a signature or incorrectly processing inputs and outputs, can lead to valid transactions being rejected or, worse, being improperly confirmed.

4. Compatibility issues

Bitcoin-S must comply with Bitcoin standards and protocols, which may change over time. Incompatibility with current versions of Bitcoin or with other tools in the ecosystem can be a serious problem. This is especially critical in cases where non-compliance with standards prevents users from fully using the functionality, for example, when integrating with new versions of wallets or exchange platforms.

5. Failures in encryption algorithms

Cryptographic security is the basis of working with Bitcoin. Mistakes in the implementation of cryptographic algorithms can put the entire system at risk. For example, misuse of random number generators or vulnerabilities in digital signature algorithms could allow third parties to manipulate transactions or sales.

Bitcoin-S is a C++ library designed to work with Bitcoin transactions. The library was popular, but in 2017 a number of serious bugs and vulnerabilities were discovered that compromised its integrity.

List of errors

1. Copying data

  • The library copies data from input streams into variables.
  • If input streams contain incorrect or suspicious data, this can lead to vulnerabilities.

2. Transaction processing

  • The library does not use data type checking for input data.
  • This means that it can be vulnerable to attacks that can transform input data into arbitrary transactions.

3. Key storage

  • The library stores keys in a non-secure manner.
  • This makes them vulnerable to theft.

4. Lack of verification

  • The library does not check transactions for correctness.
  • This may cause it to process incorrect transactions.

5. DNS vulnerability

  • The library uses a DNS server to obtain IP addresses.
  • However, DNS servers can be vulnerable to attacks.


  • The authors of the Bitcoin-S library published corrective versions of the library that solved these errors.
  • They have also published a new version of the library that includes new security features.


The Bitcoin-S library had minor bugs and vulnerabilities, but they were quickly resolved. The Bitcoin-S library is now more secure, but it may still be vulnerable to attacks.

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is attacksafe-software-logo-1024x213.png
This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is attacksafe-software-logo-1024x213.png